Dr. Karel Charvat: Open Data and Rural Communities
Dr. Karel CHARVÁT is Doctor in theoretical cybernetics of the Mathematical Physical Faculty of Charles University in Prague. Currently, Dr Karel Charvat is vice chairman of Club of Ossiach, member of CSITA, Former President of European Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture Food and Environment (EFITA), evaluator of EC projects. His key qualifications are SDI design, strategic studies and management of projects in ICT and SDI ; his area of expertise are GIS, Precision farming, ICT for Agriculture, Remote Sensing, Big Data, Open Data.
Karel works today in LESPROJEKT-SLUŽBY Ltd. This small innovative firm has vast experience in applying research results in practice. LESPROJEKT-SLUŽBY Ltd plays a crucial role in the market for more than 20 years and focuses mainly on commercial activities in, forestry, agriculture, rural development, and transport.
On Tuesday, the presentation of Dr. Karel Charvat was about: “Rural areas are particular importance with respect to the agro-food sector and should be specifically addressed within this scope. Open datasets related to agriculture and rural regions; data publication and data linking of external data sources contributed by different public and private stakeholders allowing to provide specific and high-value applications and services for the support in the planning and decision-making processes of different stakeholders groups related to the agricultural, forestry, rural development and environmental domains”. Presentation focused on definition, discovery, and utilization of Open Data in different rural applications.
Pascal Neveu: Needs in semantics and Big Data structuration in relation to integration needs and new methods in data analytics.
Pascal Neveu is director of Mistea Laboratory at Montpellier SupAgro-INRA. He is the head of INRA Cati CODEX, center dedicated to data and knowledge management. He leads workpackages dedicated to data and knowledge management in sevral international projects. He teaches at the Montpellier University and the School of Agricultural Engineering topics related to computer science, numerical computing and Information management. His area of expertise is Data sciences, Heterogeneous data source management, Data semantic.
Pascal works in INRA, a french agricultural research institute. It conducts research to address major societal challenges: stabilize global warming, food security, ensure the energy transition, build agriculture of the future, prepare Open Science and Big Data.
On Tuesday, the presentation of Pascal Neveu was about needs in semantics and Big Data structuration in relation to integration needs and new methods in data analytics. Dealing with Big data is a great opportunity for agriculture. This presentation showed that this is also the opportunity for the development of interdisciplinarity. There is a need for semantics to structure Big Data and make it meaningful for larger communities. The more able to group and integrate data we are, the more we give them value. This requires the use of standardized metadata that are machine readable and the use of formalized semantics. Structuring Big data will be relevant provided that we develop Big Data analytics.
Kun Mean Hou: IoT for precision agriculture – trend and challenges
Kun Mean Hou is a full professor and he leads the SMIR group of the laboratory LIMOS UMR 6158 CNRS (Université Clermont Auvergne, France), working on the development of the core technology dedicated to Wireless Sensor Network. He evolved in several scientific committees and boards. He is an ICT-AGRI EU expert. His areas of expertise are WSN, WMSN and IoT.
On Monday morning, the presentation of Kun Mean Hou focused on the panorama of the IoT technology, the motivation and the requirements of sensory for precision agriculture will be highlighted. A state-of-the-art and the trend of multiscalar WSN was presented. To illustrate the presentation some use cases developed by SMIR group of LIMOS laboratory including remote real-time demo was shown. An assessment and open research issues such as robustness and bandwidth was addressed to conclude the presentation.
Guy Faure: Characteristics of innovation processes regarding the TIC and the role of research to contribute to such innovation processes
Dr. Guy FAURE is director of the Innovation in Agricultural and Agri-food systems Joint Research Unit in Montpellier (France). The unit carries out research on innovation system, capacity to innovate of rural actors, impact of innovation on rural development. In the field of management science he is conducting research on two main topics: (i) Advisory services including methods and tools to strengthen advisory and extension service providers, (ii) “innovation systems”, linking economic players with research centers, advisory services, farmers’ organizations, and private companies.
On Monday afternoon, the communication addressed the characteristics of innovation processes regarding the new technologies of information and communication and the role of research to contribute to such innovation processes. It highlighted how important it is to take into account the users in the conception of the technologies and to think in terms of co-design of the technologies. It also showed that public or private research could be based on different models to contribute to the conception and diffusion of these technologies.